Does the prospect of writing your Common App essay fill you with fear? You are not alone.
In the ten years I’ve worked with high school seniors on their college admission essays, I’ve helped them brainstorm their topics, find their writing voices and create essays that reflect their authentic selves.
My students often ask me these questions:
- What should I write about?
- Are there essay topics I should I stay away from?
- And what strategies will help to make my essay stand out (in a good way) from the pack?
Here are some college essay writing tips that really work:
Write in Your Own Voice:
First and most important – Your essay should be written by you.
When a weary college admission staff person flips to your application folder, they want to hear your own authentic student voice.
Your essay should sound like it was written by a 17 or 18-year-old because it was written by a 17 or 17-year-old.
Sure, you can have help to brainstorm an essay topic – and you can ask a trusted advisor to read your draft. But you should be the sole author of your essay.
You Choose the Essay Topic:
Tell a story that is uniquely you.
For that is what an amazing college essay is – your own story. A story that reflects your character, your experience, your personality and your values.
As you consider which prompt to choose, think about…What hasn’t already been said about you in the other parts of your Common Application? What is unique about you that a college should know?
Every high school student – you included – has a compelling personal story to share. You may have to dig to find it, but it is there.
Here’s What NOT to Write About:
You may be a fabulous writer, but do stay away from overused topics such as:
- How my grandparent’s death affected me.
- The challenge of my parents´ divorce.
- The goal I made in the big game or the goal I didn’t make in the big game.
- How I helped poor people on my community service trip to a foreign country and learned they are just like us.
Be honest, but do not over-reveal. You do not need to tell the college admission staffer about the impact a nose bleed had on you while you were taking the SAT.
Here are Ideas What TO Write About:
Share a slice of life story from that reflects who you are – your character, your values, your heritage, your developing sense of self.
Ideas to get you started in the brainstorming process:
- Do you visit your grandfather on his farm in Vermont every summer and to help build a new workbench in his barn? Tell a story of one day at the farm. Give specific and vivid details. Make the reader feel as if he or she was in the barn right there with you.
- Write about the time you discovered you might want to become an architect, a cardiologist or a teacher. Show how you found this out through a story about a single experience you had.
- Demonstrate your passion for fly-fishing, coin collecting, coding or bicycle repair. Write about what you learned, how you learned it and why the activity appeals to you. Let your passion for your hobby jump off the page.
- Help the admission staff understand how you were transformed by your father’s recovery from alcoholism, your older brother’s suicide or your mother’s chronic illness. Remember the essay is about you, what you learned and what you didn’t, not about your relative.
- Relate your enthusiasm for the subject you want to study in college to your personal experience. If you grew up as the youngest sister in a family of four older boys and struggled to have your voice heard at the dinner table, perhaps that is why you want to major in communications. Tell that story!
- Do you have a quirk to your personality? Were you the tallest girl in the third grade who overcame her shyness to join the high school crew team where your height finally worked to your advantage?
- If you have a diverse background or are a first generation to college applicant, share that through a narrative about yourself. Did your Macedonian mother marry an American farm boy from rural Indiana? Offer descriptive details that show your life through sensory descriptors such as aromas, sounds and tastes.
How to Structure Your Essay:
Invite your reader into your story with a powerful first line. Open with a dialogue or action. Start strong to grab the reader’s attention.
For example: “When the head chef scolded me for the third time that I was placing the cherry tomatoes on the wrong side of the appetizer plate, I knew I was in trouble.”
After setting the stage in you first paragraph, go deeper with details in your second, third and fourth paragraphs.
Perhaps weave in another aspect of your experience and relate it to what you talked about in the first paragraph. Relate your experience learning how to play the tuba to your passion for repairing old bicycles. Grab attention through compelling anecdotes and examples.
Vary your sentence length and your paragraph length. Keep the reader interested throughout.
End strong. Do not simply repeat what you have already said. Make your essay memorable!
How to Polish Your Essay Before Submitting It.
Even if you think your first draft may be fabulous, it isn’t. Put your first draft away for a day or two. Take it out again and re-read it. Does it say what you want an admission person to know about you?
Revise, revise, revise. Even if you hate revising.
Read your essay aloud. Do your hear your voice coming through?
Read it aloud again.
Spell check will not find all of your errors. Trust me on this.
Edit and proofread carefully. Watch for grammatical errors. Omit ¨clutter¨ words such as “however,” “in addition” and “moreover.”
Simple words are often best.
Have a trusted advisor read your essay to help you catch errors – but DO NOT let anyone else write the essay for you.
Resist the urge to over-edit. The essay should capture your voice and your tone and no one else’s.
I hope these tips help you write a Common App essay that showcases your best self in the college admission process.
These suggestions worked well for my students; follow them so they can work for you, too.
If you want feedback and editing help from top professional writers, check out Prompt. To receive a special discount for Road2College readers, sign up and create a parent and student account within Prompt. This allows you to purchase credits for your student to use and collaborate with your student on their essays.
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By Nancy L. Wolf has successfully helped high school students craft compelling college admission essays for ten years. She was a partner at a DC law firm specializing in communications law. Since leaving the law firm, she’s taken masters level classes in writing at the Johns Hopkins University in DC and become a published author of articles, essays and fiction.
She’s mentored first-generation-to-college high school students through the Posse Foundation, College Tracks and College Bound in the DC area. She now tutors international graduate students in writing and teaches English as a second language at the Washington English Center.
Nancy has a passion for developing positive, trusting and candid relationships with all her students – and with her rescue dog, Howie, part poodle/part Jack Russell terrier.